Section 15: Anaesthesia

Section Description

BNF 15.1.1

Intravenous anaesthetics

BNF 15.1.2

Inhalational anaesthetics

BNF 15.1.3

Antimuscarinic drugs

BNF 15.1.4.1

Anxiolytics and neuroleptics

BNF 15.1.4.2

Non-opioid analgesics

BNF 15.1.4.3

Opioid analgesics

BNF 15.1.5

Muscle relaxants

BNF 15.1.6

Anticholinesterases used in anaesthesia

BNF 15.1.7

Antagonists for central and respiratory depression

BNF 15.1.8

Drugs used for malignant hyperthermia

BNF 15.2

Local anaesthesia

BNF 15.1.1 Intravenous anaesthetics

Etomidate

 

 

Etomidate-Lipuro®

 

 

Ketamine

 

Controlled drug

Propofol

 

 

Propofol-Lipuro®

 

 

Thiopental sodium

 

 

BNF 15.1.2 Inhalational anaesthetics

Isoflurane

 

 

Sevoflurane

 

For use under Consultant Supervision Only       

BNF 15.1.3 Antimuscarinic drugs

Atropine sulphate

 

 

Glycopyrronium bromide

 

 

Hyoscine hydrobromide

 

 

BNF 15.1.4.1 Anxiolytics and neuroleptics

Diazepam

Hospital use only

Lorazepam

Hospital use only

Midazolam

Hospital and palliative care use only

Temazepam

Hospital use only

BNF 15.1.4.2 Non-opioid analgesics

Diclofenac

 

 

Ketorolac trometamol

 

 

BNF 15.1.4.3 Opioid analgesics

Alfentanil

Hospital and palliative care use only

Fentanyl

Hospital and palliative care use only

Remifentanil

For use under Consultant Supervision Only

BNF 15.1.5 Muscle relaxants

Non-depolarising muscle relaxants

Atracurium besilate

 

 

Mivacurium

 

 

Pancuronium bromide

 

 

Rocuronium bromide

 

 

Vecuronium bromide

 

 

Depolarising muscle relaxants

Suxamethonium chloride

 

 

BNF 15.1.6 Anticholinesterases used in anaesthesia

Neostigmine metilsulfate

 

 

Other Drugs used for reversal of neuromuscular blockade

Sugammadex

 

Hospital use only - For use in the emergency situation of "can't intubate, can't ventilate" where recuronium has been administered.

BNF 15.1.7 Antagonists for central and respiratory depression

Doxapram

 

 

Flumazenil

 

 

Naloxone

 

 

BNF 15.1.8 Drugs used for malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene sodium

 

 

BNF 15.2 Local anaesthesia

Ethyl chloride spray

  Cryogesic®
Levobupivacaine    
Lidocaine

 

 

Prilocaine

 

 

Tetracaine

 

 


ANAESTHESIA PRIOR TO VENEPUNCTURE
Please also prescribe/supply small occlusive dressing e.g. Mefilm 6cm x 7cm

Lidocaine 2.5% + prilocaine 2.5%

Emla®

Tetracaine 4% gel

Ametop®

ANAESTHESIA PRIOR TO URINARY CATHETER INSERTION - See Catheter Care Section

TOPICAL (INFILTRATION) ANAESTHESIA

Lidocaine 0.5% injection

 

 

Lidocaine 1% injection

 

 

Lidocaine 2% injection

 

 

Lidocaine with adrenaline 1 in 200 000 injection

   
OTHER INDICATIONS    
Lidocaine 5% medicated plaster  Specialist/hospital prescribing only. Symptomatic relief of postherpetic neuralgia pain where there has been treatment failure or intolerance to first line treatments.